Makeup Base What Does It Give And How To Use It

The make-up base is a cosmetic for special sentences - it camouflages discolorations and skin imperfections, smoothes the skin, and fixes makeup. Depending on individual needs, the make-up base can be used for great events or every day. Find out what the make-up base gives and how to use it, and how to choose this cosmetic for your skin type.

The make-up base, also known as a primer, is a cosmetic that, when applied to the skin, extends the durability of makeup. They do this by limiting direct skin contact with the foundation. Correctly selected, it can extend the durability of makeup by up to 12 hours. The basic division of make-up bases is the one into matte, smoothing and illuminating bases.


What does the make-up base give?

The main ingredient of powdery mineral bases are powders, thanks to which it has a matting effect and absorbs excess sebum. The powder should be well blended and ground into fine dust that will ensure a long-lasting matte effect. Larger particles are visible on the skin and prevent even distribution of the foundation. Not all natural powders work well as a base.

Rice powder is definitely the best. Moisturizing bases make the skin more elastic and hydrated. They also soothe irritations. By caring for the skin, they extend the durability of makeup.

Many other cosmetics, such as a tonic, serum, cream or mist, can act as a base. The moisturizing base is above all lightweight and leaves no film on the skin after application.

Types of make-up bases

Most of the make-up bases available on the market are silicone bases. Silicones are highly occlusive, meaning they form an impermeable layer on the skin that can clog pores and allow bacteria to multiply.

They are not washable with water - you need to use fats to remove them. A waterproof foundation should not be applied to the silicone make-up base - such cosmetics usually already contain silicones.

1. The silicone make-up base harmonizes with light, water-based foundations. It is recommended for dry or mature skin.

2. The oil base for makeup works in a similar way to silicone bases, creating a layer on the skin to which the foundation adheres. Light natural oils, such as raspberry seed oil, rose oil or linseed oil can also play the role of a make-up base.

Natural oil can also be added to the foundation, thinning it and making it easier to apply. Oil bases work best with light foundations or dry mineral foundations.

They are intended both for people with dry and oily skin. The main component of makeup bases is glycerin, which has hygroscopic and moisturizing properties.

3. Glycerin make-up base works with water-based foundations. However, it causes the mineral foundations to cook.

4. Gel makeup base does not create an oily film on the skin, reduces the visibility of pores, smoothes the skin and has moisturizing properties. They can be used with both permanent and mineral foundations.

They are intended for people with oily skin because they limit the excessive secretion of sebum.

5. Base for makeup gives a matting effect. Its main ingredient is talc or aluminum, magnesium aluminum silicate or boron nitride. It creates a layer on the skin that reduces the visibility of pores and absorbs sebum, but is not as strongly occlusive as in silicone bases.

Curing bases spread badly and are easy to rub off - they require skilful application. They are not intended for dry skin as they emphasize dry skin, but are suitable for people with oily skin.

6. The silica makeup base has a matting effect. It smoothes the complexion and reduces the visibility of imperfections. Silica can emphasize dry skin, and long-term dehydrates the skin.

People with serious complexion problems should, however, choose solidifying bases. Combine silica bases well with light foundations.

Coloring and illuminating make-up bases

Coloring and illuminating bases are also available. Color bases are used when we want to hide red spots, dark circles under the eyes or permanent discoloration.

How to choose a make-up base for your skin type?

Dry and combination skin requires the use of a base that will ensure its smoothness and will not emphasize the cuticles.

Before its application, make sure your facial skin is moisturized. Silicone, oil and glycerine bases are perfect for dry skin. You can also add a little natural oil to the foundation to make it stick to the skin better.

Oily skin requires the use of a base that will collect excess sebum and give it a matte finish.


Silica and powder bases, as well as solidifying and gel bases work well in this role. Foundations adhere much better to oily skin than dry skin, but the sebum secreted by the skin causes the foundation to rub and rub, creating unsightly streaks.

Mature skin is the type of skin for which a silicone make-up base works best.

How to use a make-up base?

Before applying the base, you should cleanse your face and apply a moisturizing cream. Just a little bit of base is enough to cover the face - the size of a pea. We apply it like moisturizing creams, i.e. we spread it from the inside to the outside of the face.

The base should cover the face with a thin and imperceptible layer. Do not use more product than recommended as this will negatively affect the durability of the makeup. Before applying the foundation, wait until the base is completely absorbed.

Coloring and illuminating make-up bases

Coloring and illuminating bases are also available. Color bases are used when we want to hide red spots, dark circles under the eyes or permanent discoloration.

Read more on MakeupMadeOver